Axillary buds are unique in flavor, crispy and tasty, and have a better raw taste. Alfalfa sprouts contain almost all of the important amino acids and are rich in vitamins A, D, E, B1, B2, and various minerals. The current market demand is large. The technical points of its soilless cultivation are: Facilities Preparation 1 Production site. In the spring and autumn, it can be produced in plastic shade arbour and indoors with good ventilation, coolness and lighting. In winter, it can be produced in greenhouses and indoor heating facilities. 2 three-dimensional cultivation frame. It can be made of wood or angle steel. It is 1.5 meters long and 0.60 meters wide. The distance between every layer of cultivation shelf is 40-50 centimeters. According to the height of the cultivation space, the shelf can be 4 to 5 layers. 3 cultivation dishes. Can use standard plastic seedling tray (60 cm 25 cm 5 cm), can also be made of wood or metal materials, require flat bottom, drainage vents. Cultivation techniques 1 Seed selection. Alfalfa seeds are kidney-shaped, yellowish-brown, about 2.4 millimeters in length, 1.2 millimeters in diameter, and 1.5 to 2.5 grams in dry weight. For the production of axillary buds, there are Hetian and Qidong. 2 Soaking. The seeds were washed first, and the seeds and impurities floating on the water were removed. The washed seeds are soaked in a water temperature of 20Â° C. for 22 to 24 hours. 3 substrate preparation and sowing. Use 3 to 5 mm foam or perlite as a substrate, tiled in seedling tray. The soaked seeds were removed and drained, and the seeds were spread evenly on the soaked substrate, with a sowing rate of 50 grams per plate. 4 Germination and post-emergence management. Immediately after sowing, the stacked plates were used to germinate. The height of the seedlings should not exceed 1 m. There should be 3 to 5 cm of space between each seedling plate. After 2 to 3 days of stacking, when the shoot height is about 0.35 centimeters, the germination can be ended and the seedling tray is placed on the cultivation rack. Depending on the humidity of the substrate, spray water 1 to 3 times a day. The optimum growth temperature of axillary buds is 18-22Â°C. Under suitable temperature and humidity, it can germinate on the second day after sowing, and the length of hypocotyls can reach 2 to 3 cm after 4 to 5 days, and the cotyledons expand. 5 harvest. After sowing 7 to 8 days, the hypocotyls have been as long as 3.5 to 4 cm, stems about 1 cm thick, white, cotyledons have been fully enlarged, green, oblong, about 5 cm long, 2 cm wide, this time Harvest, put the seedlings uprooted and packed into small boxes for packaging.
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