Rescue crops --- Buckwheat cultivation techniques

The growth period of buckwheat (also known as Umai, Barley or Triticum aestivum) is very short, generally only 70-80 days, and it has strong adaptability. It is an ideal replanting crop after the disaster. Its main planting technology points:
Soil preparation requirements of buckwheat are not strict and can be planted regardless of sandy loam, light loam, acid soil, slightly alkaline soil, and new cropland. Before planting, deep plowing and fine hoeing are required to loosen the soil.
Fertilizer buckwheat is a crop that requires more fertilizer. For every 100 kg of buckwheat, it needs to absorb 3.3 kg of nitrogen, 1.5 kg of phosphorus pentoxide and 4.3 kg of potassium oxide. According to another study, buckwheat roots have a strong ability to absorb phosphorus and potash fertilizers, especially for non-soluble phosphate fertilizers, which have special utilization capacity. Applying phosphorus and potassium fertilizers can significantly increase the yield of buckwheat; nitrogen fertilizers should not be applied in multiple ways, otherwise they are prone to lodging. Basal fertilizer is dominated by manure, phosphate fertilizer, and ash, and the top dressing is suitable for growing.
Before planting sowing, it is necessary to select large, full seeds and dry seeds to promote post-harvest, increase germination potential and germination rate. The seeding rate is 2~4 kg per mu and the sowing date can be extended to mid-to-late July. The sowing methods include sowing, on-demand and seeding, with the best sowing, spacing 35 to 50 centimeters, sowing depth 3 to 4 centimeters; when the soil is dry, it can be deepened to 5 to 6 centimeters.
After sowing, the soil is treated with repression according to soil moisture, and the grass is extirpated after emergence to prevent evaporation of water; a second cultivator is used in combination with soil and fertilizer before flowering.
The flowering period of the buckwheat is very long, the seed maturation is extremely inconsistent, and the grain is easy to fall off, so the proper harvest is very important; generally, when 2/3 of the fruits of most plants turn brown, it is a suitable harvest period. The harvest time is best chosen in the morning when the dew does not dry, and pay attention to gently cut and lighten to reduce the loss of falling grains. Before the harvest, in case of frost or windy weather, it is necessary to seize the harvest.

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