Bream farming technology

Daping No. 3, aquaculture

Qingshan Ecological Agriculture Company 15080987576

"The cockroach is one of the most useful animals in the world" This is what the great scientist Darwin said.

It can be said that it is the best animal feed in the world. Of course, wolfberry can be used for traditional Chinese medicine, food, etc. It hasn't been a secret since long ago, but even worms can be used to feed chickens, ducks, pigs, and fish.

Production steps: selection of site → construction of farms → fermented manure → introduction of seed species → purification and rejuvenation → expansion of seed mound groups → circulation production

Steps: Fermentation and preparation of manure → Add seedlings → Separation of seed pods for 20 days → Stacking of manure and egg masses for hatching → Parting of larvae to reduce the density of culturing → Adding new manure materials → Keeping water and keeping materials → Young quail about 40 days long After large separation → into 蚓 → use → repetitive cycle production.

Daping No. 3 High-yield Breeding and Utilization of New Technology.

Section 1 Economic Significance of Alfalfa Breeding

蚯蚓 contains a lot of protein, the content of protein in dry matter can be as high as about 70%, general analysis results can also be obtained 41.62-66% of crude protein

According to the data, adding 2-3% of lotus root meal to feed can increase the growth rate of pigs by more than 74% and 2%, increase the egg production of chickens by 17-25%, and increase the growth rate by 30-100%; Feeding quail increased production by 30% to 60%; feeding jaundice with fresh quail, any other feed can not be compared, and an increase of 40%; feed prawn, crab, squid and other famous fish, all increased by more than 30%, feed cost Declined by 40-60%.

Section II Living Habits and Ecological Conditions

The normal growth, development and reproduction of earthworms require appropriate ecological conditions. There are also differences in the conditions required for different crickets. This technology focuses only on Daping No. 3 living habits and ecological conditions.

1, the temperature

In general, the temperature of the earthworms is in the range of 5-30°C, 0-5°C goes into dormant state, and below 0°C, the most suitable temperature is about 20-27°C. At this time, they can grow well and reproduce well. . 28-30 °C, can maintain a certain degree of growth; 32 °C above the growth stopped; 10 °C below the activity dull; 40 °C above the death, the best hatching 18-27 °C. The highest lethal temperature seen in cockroaches is lower than other invertebrates.

2, humidity

There is no special breathing apparatus. It uses the skin to breathe, so the body must be kept moist. If the cockroaches are kept in a dry environment, the skin of the cockroach cannot remain moist for a period of time and thus cannot breathe properly. The cockroach cocoon soon occurs and soon it will die. The water in the body contains a large amount of water, which accounts for more than 75% of body weight. Therefore, preventing water loss is the key to survival. The moisture content of the feed is kept at about 60%.

3, pH (PH value)

Daping No. 3 larvae grow well in the range of PH value 6-8, and produce the most pupa in the range of PH value 7-7.5.

4, ventilation

Earthworms breathe by the oxygen that is diffused into the soil through the atmosphere. The better the soil ventilation, the more vigorous its metabolism. Not only spawn more eggs, but also shorten the maturity period.

5, food

Food is a long-term and key ecological factor that affects embarrassment. Insufficient food will cause intense competition among the daytime, resulting in decreased fertility, spread of pests and diseases, increased mortality, and some escapement. The effect of food on delirium is not only reflected in the quantity of food but also in the quality of the food. Daping No. 3 is feeding on animal dung.

The soil-less culture referred to in this technology is actually a totally sloppy food, and it replaces part of the soil that is not required, reducing a lot of refueling management. The whole tank is full of food, so it can reduce competition and increase the breeding density.

6, natural enemies and diseases

The predators include predatory and parasitoids: predatory natural enemies include rodents, birds, poultry, snakes, frogs, ants, crickets, spiders, crickets, etc.; parasitic natural enemies are: parasites , parasitic flies, cockroaches, grasshoppers and so on.

Section III Preparation and Feeding of Feed

1, the type of feed

Daping No. 3 was mainly fed with cow dung, followed by pig dung. Organic wastes from any animal manure, brewing, sugar, food, paper, and wood processing, such as vinasse, bagasse, sawdust, hemp knife, waste paper paddles, edible fungus residue, etc.; garbage, organic waste, etc. The feed.

2, feed modulation

(1) Fermentation:

Drain the manure with a thin film. Use it after 10 to 15 days of cooling. Grass must be digging pits or piles of osmotic rot before it can be used to avoid a second fever.

(2). Modulate and add nutrients to promote food quality:

Taking one cubic meter of base material as an example, take 100 kg of water, add 2 kg of urea, 4 bottles of vinegar, 5 grams of saccharin, and 4 caps of pineapple flavor. Mix and dissolve in water. Take 50 kg of water and pour on the base material. Another 50 kilograms of water is poured on the base material and can be used within two days.

(3) For the feeding of feeds, we adopt the method of adding and feeding on the side. The method of feeding on the feed is to cover the feed that has been eaten by the cockroach every 10 to 15 days. The side feed method is to remove the food. Some of the finished feed will add new feed to one side and add the other side next time.

Section 4 Prerequisites for High Output of Daping No. 3

1. Seedlings: As with crops, good varieties are the most basic conditions for high yields. Therefore, introduction must go to a regular company. Daping No. 3, which is cultivated by our company, is a new breed that has been used for many years after the Japanese Daping No. 2 and North Star No. 2 were hybridized. The degenerated delirium is manifested in: 1. Low reproduction rate, annual growth rate below 100 times; 2. Slow growth, which takes about 6 months from pups to adult pupae; 3. Low feed utilization rate, cow dung per cubic meter only Can produce 蚯蚓3-5 kilograms; 4, picky eating phenomenon is serious and so on.

For this reason, our company introduced Daping 2 and Beixing 2 to carry out crossbreeding, and strictly purified and rejuvenated its progeny, to cultivate a new generation of seedlings. Its obvious features are: 1. The annual multiplication rate is more than 10,000 times; 2. It takes only about 40 days from the time of the young larvae to adult nymphs; 3. The fresh maggots can produce about 20 kilograms per cubic meter of cow dung, with a maximum yield of 60 kilograms. 4, heat and cold.

After selecting the breed, the success is 50%.

2. Materials: Cultured earthworms need abundant organic wastes and other materials, such as pigs, cattle, horses, chicken manure, and various garbage.

With the above conditions, the farming cricket will be handy and bring you considerable economic benefits.

Section 5 Implementation Procedures for High-yield Cultivation

Construction site → Fermented manure → Introduced seedlings → Expand propagation → Purify and rejuvenate → Scale production

1, the choice of farm

The Daping No. 3 alfalfa breeding can be selected outdoors (such as in the woods, banana fields, high-crop land, etc.). The transportation is convenient, organic waste is sufficient, and there is better water and electricity. It can be used together with pig raising, cattle breeding, and breeding farms. .

2. Introduction

When everything is ready, it is ready to be introduced. Before introduction, please pay attention to: 1 Firstly, you need to know about the breeding unit or individual. For example, whether the seed pods for the breeding units have been purified and rejuvenated, whether the varieties have been degraded, and whether the breeding units have excellent performances. High-yielding aquaculture technology, whether the packaging containers for the planting units can withstand long-distance transportation, whether the breeding party has large-scale breeding sites, etc.

5, delivery

After the species has arrived at home, it must be quickly put into the prepared farm and covered with straw.

6. Management of species

Keeping the temperature of material at 20-27°C, generally spawning quail after 3-5 days, adding new feed to the breeding quail to continue spawning.

Usually after 20 days of egg hatching, after hatching for 15 days, some old feeds are removed and new feeds are added. Every 10 to 15 days after the addition of material once, at a suitable temperature of 23 °C under normal incubation about 40 days that is sexually mature, ready to spawning quail.

To begin farming, we should first expand the breeding group. If you plan to have a production area of ​​100 square meters, you must first reach a 20-square-meter breeding area. This 20-square-meter species is dedicated to the production of fish ponds or quails to satisfy the requirements. Production pool needs.

7, production pool management and production plan

When the species grows to a certain scale, it forms a breeding ground. The role of breeding grounds is to breed future generations and put their offspring on the production site for later use.

Temperature °C 5 15 20 23 27 32

Hatching time (days) 110—160 40—60 25—40 15—22 10—15 6—9

The average number of hatches / 茧 0.01-0.5 3.2-4.5 4-5 4-6 5.5-7 1 2

Section 6 Purification and Rejuvenation

The traditional breeding method is often to put a small part of the species in the box, the offspring produce offspring, the offspring grow up and then produce offspring ... ..., which causes the ancestral and grandchildren to mate, resulting in the inbreeding of close relatives, resulting in degeneration of alfalfa varieties. The earthworms will grow slowly, the reproduction rate will be greatly reduced, and the feed utilization rate will also be reduced.

Our unique method of purification and rejuvenation is that the pupa is placed in the feed to produce 15 days (20 days in winter), and the pod is separated from the base (in the base material), and the superiority of the glutinous cultivar is preserved, and the quail is preserved. Variety continues to be improved.

The calving quail is still put back into the raw materials, and new basal materials are added to continue the production of quail. After half a month, the rejuvenation is resumed.

The plutonium and the base material are piled into 20-30 cm tall and 60 cm wide strips. The water is poured once and the temperature of the material is maintained at 20-27 °C. All hatching takes place within 15-25 days.

In addition, in the breeding process of cockroaches, it is necessary to ensure that the cockroach feed is satisfied, because once the feed is insufficient, the cockroach body will become smaller, and it will take time and feed to recover, and it will be difficult to ensure normal production and output.

Section 7: Separation and Utilization

Putting the cockroaches together with the base material under the sun or light, the cockroach will automatically drill down and scrape the upper base material layer by layer. At the last bottom level, only pure cockroaches in groups will remain.

Cockroaches can be directly fed to economic animals, or dried and made into powder for compound feed.

The use of earthworm feces: Long-lasting and rich earthworm manure, with no side effects, is an irreplaceable high-quality organic fertilizer for all farmyard fertilizers and fertilizers.

The height of the culture material is preferably 20-30 cm, and 10 kg of seed pods can be placed per square meter. After one month of breeding, more than 20 kg of fresh quail can be harvested per square meter.

Farming quail. Tenebrio = do a feed mill

Our company has been supplying large quantities of Daping No. 3 for a long time. Tenebrio species and its products

Yueyang Qingshan Ecological Agriculture Development Co., Ltd.

Address: Buxian Country, Yueyang County, Hunan Province Postcode: 414125 Telephone QQ

Email: Website:

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